Teaching styles are instructional and classroom management strategies. According to Anthony Grasha, in his book, A Matter of Style, “Style … affected how people presented information, interacted with students, managed classroom tasks...”
Authority: teacher-centered, direct instruction, lecture. The teacher presents content for students to absorb. The teacher is active, the students are passive.
Demonstrator/Modeling: teacher-centered, direct instruction. The teacher acts as coach, modeling lessons, showing demonstrations and multimedia presentations.
Facilitator: student-centered. The teacher acts as facilitator, consultant, actively guiding students by asking leading questions, encouraging student exploration, offering alternatives, motivating students to higher-level thinking and problem-solving. This can be used in whole class lessons, group or individual work.
Delegator: student-centered, the least active role for teachers. Students work independent of teachers, individually or in groups. The teacher is an observer and resource person.
Although teachers may lean toward a particular style, many employ a combination of styles depending on their personalities and comfort level, the learning needs of their students, and the subject and goals of the particular lesson. To be the most effective teacher, be cognizant of the teaching styles you employ.